Community Collective Activities: National Solidarity Program in Afghanistan

Farid Ahmad Farzam Rahimi

Abstract


This paper evaluates the National Solidarity Program (NSP) as a rural development program in Afghanistan. NSP was created by the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development in 2003, focusing on the capability of rural communities to identify, plan, manage, and monitor their own development projects. This paper addresses question of: How has NSP carried out its activities and what types of development projects implemented in Afghanistan? Geographically, the research has been focused on NSP activities across the country as a whole, but the fieldwork was focused on Herat province only. NSP has encouraged local communities to act in the form of Community Collective Activity; therefore, the Community Development Councils (CDCs) have been elected at the community level. As of December 21, 2014, a total number of 85,899 sub-projects - including transport, water supply and sanitation, irrigation, power, livelihood, and education - have been funded by NSP. The completed sub-projects are implemented with the direct involvement of the CDCs.

Aus. Aca. Busi & Eco. Rev Vol 3(1), January 2017, P 47-60


Keywords


Afghanistan; Community Development Councils; Community; National Solidarity Program; Rural Development; Sub-project

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